Messengers of Judgment, War & Restoration

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Zechariah horses spirits

Wednesday 07/26/23 

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Messengers of Judgment, War & Restoration

Four Chariots (angles)

Zechariah 6:1-15, “(1) Then I looked up again and saw four chariots coming from between two mountains. And the mountains were made of bronze.  

(2)  The first chariot had red horses, 

the second chariot black horses,  

(3)  the third chariot white horses, and 

the fourth chariot dappled horses–all strong horses.  

(4)  So I inquired of the angel who was speaking with me, “What are these, my lord?”  

(5)  The angel told me, “These are the four spirits of heaven going out after presenting themselves to the Lord of the whole earth.  

(6)  The one with the black horses is going to the land of the north, 

the white horses are going after them, 

but the dappled horses are going to the land of the south.”  

(7)  As the strong horses went out, they wanted to go patrol the earth, and the LORD said, “Go, patrol the earth.” 

So they patrolled the earth.  

(8)  Then He summoned me saying, “See, those going to the land of the north have pacified My Spirit in the northern land.”  

I figured this had to do with Babylon since nearly all the books which have dealt with the Babylonian Exile (before, during or after) refer to the North as Babylon.

Horses when used in visions and prophecies nearly always represent something regarding war and God’s sovereign judgment regarding nations and people.

We are told in the text that these horses were actually THE four spirits of heaven

Revelation 4:5 & 5:6 is near impossible not to reference in connection with this passage because it offers the potential of two answers as to who these spirits were.

Let’s read it.

Revelation 4:5, “From the throne came flashes of lightning, rumblings, and thunder. Burning before the throne were seven fiery torches, which are the seven spirits of God.”

Revelation 5:6, “Then I saw one like a slaughtered lamb standing between the throne and the four living creatures and among the elders. He had seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven spirits of God sent into all the earth.” 

In these passages we see 7 spirits of God. Once they are represented as torches and then as horns and eyes. So while the representation of them changes, that they ARE 7 spirits remains consistent. These spirits are also mentioned without metaphorical descriptions in Revelation 1:4 & 3:1 as well.

In Revelation 5:6 it says these spirits are sent into all the earth. Whereas in our passage here in Zechariah, we have 4 spirits which are sent out into 4 locations of the earth. Those in Zechariah are represented as horses of various colors. So I submit that these 4 spirits in Zechariah “may be” 4 of the 7 who appear in Revelation

It is nothing more than a suggestion and even if it is true we are no closer to understanding their nature or overall purpose in God’s kingdom. It simply suggests a “WHO” in reference to these spirits.

A secondary possibility is also found in Revelation 5:6 which you may remember mentioned specifically 4 living Creatures

Now we have before suggested that these may be Cherubs of a different breed due to their descriptions in scripture. The only thing which connects them potentially with our passage in Zechariah is that there are 4 of them who are before God’s throne.

That all heavenly beings are spirits is clear. For example, Hebrews 1:7 says of angels, “Who makes His angel’s spirits and His ministers a flame of fire”. That angels have bodies is well represented, but they ARE called spirits. 

As such, these four living creatures before the throne of God might be them. That they are represented as having eyes throughout their bodies might make sense since these 4 spirits in Zechariah are sent out on patrol presumably to report what they saw back to God.

Since in the vision these were represented as horses, like I mentioned earlier this seems to imply something regarding war and God’s sovereign judgment regarding nations.

These spirits either had a part to play in the war, or simply were witnesses of it and reported the results back to God. It is significant that the horses in Revelation which are sent out in judgment are given their marching orders by the 4 living creatures before God’s throne.

At any rate that is all I have to say about who these spirits might be.

Now, the only place in the bible where the color of horses is given a meaning is again in Revelation.

In Revelation 6 the rider of the black horse had a balance scale in his hand. It was used to control the value of wheat and barley.

Also in Revelation 6 the rider of the white horse is represented as having a bow and a crown and as a conqueror rode out to conquer.

Assuming is generally bad form, but assuming that we can affix the same meaning to the color of these horses, then the first horse went out to the North which is Babylon in order to  measure something in a balance and the second came as a warring king to conquer.

So my belief is that the first horse served much like the angels sent by God to Sodom & Gomorrah who spied out the land to see if what was reported regarding them was true – Genesis 18:20-23 so that a just judgment could be levied against them.

Upon confirming all that Babylon had done against the Jewish people, the second horse which no doubt corresponded to Cyrus the Great and the Persian Empire came and conquered them.

However, we need to always keep in mind that all prophecy is actually revealing God! So in the end all of this seems to build to God having been pacified by all of this. 

It is noteworthy that God is often spoken of being at peace or pacified when His enemies are judged. 

God’ people had been set free and not only allowed to return, but encouraged and empowered to return back to Judah TO restore and rebuild!

The Crown and the Temple

“(9)  The word of the LORD came to me:  (10)  “Take an offering from the exiles, from Heldai, Tobijah, and Jedaiah, who have arrived from Babylon, and go that same day to the house of Josiah son of Zephaniah.  

(11)  Take silver and gold, make crowns and place them on the head of Joshua son of Jehozadak, the high priest.  

(12)  You are to tell him: This is what the LORD of Hosts says: 

Here is a man whose name is Branch; He will branch out from His place and build the LORD’s temple.  (13)  Yes, He will build the LORD’s temple; He will be clothed in splendor and will sit on His throne and rule. 

There will also be a priest on His throne, and there will be peaceful counsel between the two of them.  

(14)  The crown will reside in the LORD’s temple as a memorial to Heldai, Tobijah, Jedaiah, and Hen son of Zephaniah.  

(15)  People who are far off will come and build the LORD’s temple, and you will know that the LORD of Hosts has sent Me to you. 

This will happen when you fully obey the LORD your God.”

This clearly has messianic implications and more than likely the complete fulfillment of this will not occur until the time of the Millennial reign of Christ


Hi my name is Mark and though I am opposed to titles, I am currently the only Pastor (shepherd/elder) serving our assembly right now.

I have been Pastoring in one capacity or another for nearly 30 years now, though never quite like I am today.

Early in 2009 the Lord revealed to me that the way we had structured our assembly (church) was not scriptural in that it was out of sync with what Paul modeled for us in the New Testament. In truth, I (like many pastors I am sure) never even gave this fundamental issue of church structure the first thought. I had always assumed that church structure was largely the same everywhere and had been so from the beginning. While I knew Paul had some very stringent things to say about the local assembly of believers, the point of our gatherings together and who may or may not lead, I never even considered studying these issues but assumed we were all pretty much doing it in numbers right?! Boy, I couldn't have been more wrong!

So needless to say, my discovery that we had been doing it wrong for nearly two decades was a bit of a shock to me! Now, this "revelation" did not come about all at once but over the course of a few weeks. We were a traditional single pastor led congregation. It was a top-bottom model of ministry which is in part biblical, but not in the form of a monarchy.

The needed change did not come into focus until following 9 very intense months of study and discussions with those who were leaders in our church at the time.

We now understand and believe that the Bible teaches co-leadership with equal authority in each local assembly. Having multiple shepherds with God's heart and equal authority protects both Shepherds and sheep. Equal accountability keeps authority and doctrine in check. Multiple shepherds also provide teaching with various styles and giftings with leadership skills which are both different and complementary.

For a while we had two co-pastors (elders) (myself and one other man) who led the church with equal authority, but different giftings. We both taught in our own ways and styles, and our leadership skills were quite different, but complimentary. We were in complete submission to each other and worked side-by-side in the labor of shepherding the flock.

Our other Pastor has since moved on to other ministry which has left us with just myself. While we currently only have one Pastor/Elder, it is our desire that God, in His faithfulness and timing, may bring us more as we grow in maturity and even in numbers.

As to my home, I have been married since 1995 to my wonderful wife Terissa Woodson who is my closest friend and most trusted ally.

As far as my education goes, I grew up in a Christian home, but questioned everything I was ever taught.

I graduated from Bible college in 1990 and continued to question everything I was ever taught (I do not mention my college in order to avoid being labeled).

Perhaps my greatest preparation for ministry has been life and ministry itself. To quote an author I have come to enjoy namely Fredrick Buechner in his writing entitled, Now and Then, "If God speaks to us at all other than through such official channels as the Bible and the church, then I think that He speaks to us largely through what happens to us...if we keep our hearts open as well as our ears, if we listen with patience and hope, if we remember at all deeply and honestly, then I think we come to recognize beyond all doubt, that, however faintly we may hear Him, He is indeed speaking to us, and that, however little we may understand of it, His word to each of us is both recoverable and precious beyond telling." ~ Fredrick Buechner

Well that is about all there is of interest to tell you about me.

I hope our ministry here is a blessing to you and your family. I also hope that it is only a supplement to a local church where you are committed to other believers in a community of grace.

~God Bless!